2009年12月英语四级模拟试卷及答案(cet4)

COLLEGEENGLISHTEST—BandFour—试题册注意事项一、将自己的校名、姓名、准考证号写在答题卡1和答题卡2上。

将本试卷代号划在答题卡2上。

二、试卷册、答题卡1和答题卡2均不得带出考场。

考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可离开。

三、仔细读懂题目的说明。

四、在30分钟内做完答题卡1上的作文题。

30分钟后,考生按指令启封试题册,在接着的15分钟内完成快速阅读理解部分的试题。

然后监考员收取答题卡1,考生在答题卡2上完成其余部分的试题。

全部答题时间为125分钟,不得拖延时间。

五、考生必须在答题卡上作答,凡是写在试题册上的答案一律无效。

六、多项选择题每题只能选一个答案;如多选,则该题无分。

选定答案后,用HB-2B浓度的铅笔在相应字母的中部划一条横线。

正确方法是:[A][B][C][D]。

使用其他符号答题者不给分。

划线要有一定的粗度,浓度要盖过字母底色。

七、如果要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦净原来选定的答案,然后再按规定重新答题。

八、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密。

若被他人抄袭,一经发现,后果自负PartIWriting(30minutes)注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。

PartIIReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)(15minutes)Directions:Inthispart,youwillhave15minutestogooverthepassagequicklyandanswerthequestionsonAnswerSheet1。

Forquestions1-7,choosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C),andD)。

Forquestions8-10,completethesentenceswiththeinformationgiveninthepassage。

BeautyandBodyImageintheMediaImagesoffemalebodiesareeverywhere。

Women—andtheirbodyparts—selleverythingfromfoodtocars。

Popularfilmandtelevisionactressesarebecomingyounger,tallerandthinner。

Somehaveevenbeenknowntofaintonthesetfromlackoffood。

Women’smagazinesarefullofarticlesurgingthatiftheycanjustlosethoselasttwentypounds,they’llhaveitall—theperfectmarriage,lovingchildren,greatsex,andarewardingcareer。

Whyarestandardsofbeautybeingimposedonwomen,themajorityofwhomarenaturallylargerandmorematurethananyofthemodels?

Theroots,someanalystssay,areeconomic。

Bypresentinganidealdifficulttoachieveandmaintain,thecosmeticanddietproductindustriesareassuredofgrowthandprofits。

Andit’snoaccidentthatyouthisincreasinglypromoted,alongwiththinness,asanessentialcriterionofbeauty。

Ifnotallwomenneedtoloseweight,forsurethey’reallaging,saystheQuebecActionNetworkforWomen’sHealthinits2001report。

And,accordingtotheindustry,ageisadisasterthatneedstobedealtwith。

Thestakesarehuge。

Ontheonehand,womenwhoareinsecureabouttheirbodiesaremorelikelytobuybeautyproducts,newclothes,anddietaids。

Itisestimatedthatthedietindustryaloneisworthanywherebetween40to100billion(U。

S。

)ayearsellingtemporaryweightloss(90to95%ofdietersregainthelostweight)。

Ontheotherhand,researchindicatesthatexposuretoimagesofthin,young,air-brushedfemalebodiesislinkedtodepression,lossofself-esteemandthedevelopmentofunhealthyeatinghabitsinwomenandgirls。

TheAmericanresearchgroupAnorexiaNervosaRelatedEatingDisorders,Inc。

saysthatoneoutofeveryfourcollege-agedwomenusesunhealthymethodsofweightcontrol—includingfasting,skippingmeals,excessiveexercise,laxative(泻药)abuse,andself-inducedvomiting。

Thepressuretobethinisalsoaffectingyounggirls:theCanadianWomen’sHealthNetworkwarnsthatweightcontrolmeasuresarenowbeingtakenbygirlsasyoungas5and6。

Americanstatisticsaresimilar。

Severalstudies,suchasoneconductedbyMarikaTiggemannandLevinaClarkin2006titled“AppearanceCultureinNine-to12-Year-OldGirls:MediaandPeerInfluencesonBodyDissatisfaction,”indicatethatnearlyhalfofallpreadolescentgirlswishtobethinner,andasaresulthaveengagedinadietorareawareoftheconceptofdieting。

In2003,Teenmagazinereportedthat35percentofgirls6to12yearsoldhavebeenonatleastonediet,andthat50to70percentofnormalweightgirlsbelievetheyareoverweight。

Overallresearchindicatesthat90%ofwomenaredissatisfiedwiththeirappearanceinsomeway。

MediaactivistJeanKilbourneconcludesthat,“Womenaresoldtothedietindustrybythemagazineswereadandthetelevisionprogramswewatch,almostallofwhichmakeusfeelanxiousaboutourweight。

”UnattainableBeautyPerhapsmostdisturbingisthefactthatmediaimagesoffemalebeautyareunattainableforallbutaverysmallnumberofwomen。

ResearchersgeneratingacomputermodelofawomanwithBarbie-dollproportions,forexample,foundthatherbackwouldbetooweaktosupporttheweightofherupperbody,andherbodywouldbetoonarrowtocontainmorethanhalfaliverandafewcentimetersofbowel。

Arealwomanbuiltthatwaywouldsufferfromchronicdiarrhea(慢性腹泻)andeventuallydiefrommalnutrition。

JillBarad,PresidentofMattel(whichmanufacturesBarbie),estimatedthat99%ofgirlsaged3to10yearsoldownatleastoneBarbiedoll。

Still,thenumberofreallifewomenandgirlswhoseekasimilarlyunderweightbodyisepidemic,andtheycansufferequallydevastatinghealthconsequences。

In2006itwasestimatedthatupto450,000Canadianwomenwereaffectedbyaneatingdisorder。

TheCultureofThinnessResearchersreportthatwomen’smagazineshavetenandone-halftimesmoreadsandarticlespromotingweightlossthanmen’smagazinesdo,andoverthree-quartersofthecoversofwomen’smagazinesincludeatleastonemessageabouthowtochangeawoman’sbodilyappearance—bydiet,exerciseorcosmeticsurgery。

Televisionandmoviesreinforcetheimportanceofathinbodyasameasureofawoman’sworth。

CanadianresearcherGregoryFoutsreportsthatoverthree-quartersofthefemalecharactersinTVsituationcomediesareunderweight,andonlyoneintwentyareaboveaverageinsize。

Heavieractressestendtoreceivenegativecommentsfrommalecharactersabouttheirbodies(“Howaboutwearingasack?

”),and80percentofthesenegativecommentsarefollowedbycannedaudiencelaughter。

Therehavebeeneffortsinthemagazineindustrytobuck(抵制,反抗)thetrend。

ForseveralyearstheQuebecmagazineCoupdePoucehasconsistentlyincludedfull-sizedwomenintheirfashionpagesandChatelainehaspledgednottotouchupphotosandnottoincludemodelslessthan25yearsofage。

InMadrid,oneoftheworld’sbiggestfashioncapitals,ultra-thinmodelswerebannedfromtherunwayin2006。

FurthermoreSpainhasrecentlyundergoneaprojectwiththeaimtostandardizeclothingsizesthroughusingauniqueprocessinwhichalaserbeamisusedtomeasurereallifewomen’sbodiesinordertofindthemosttruetolifemeasurement。

EthicsAnotherissueistherepresentationofethnicallydiversewomeninthemedia。

A2008studyconductedbyJuanitaCovertandTravisDixontitled“AChangingView:RepresentationandEffectsofthePortrayalofWomenofColorinMainstreamWomen’sMagazines”foundthatalthoughtherewasanincreaseintherepresentationofwomenofcolour,overallwhitewomenwereoverrepresentedinmainstreamwomen’smagazinesfrom1999to2004。

Self-ImprovementorSelf-Destruction?

Thebarrageofmessagesaboutthinness,dietingandbeautytells“ordinary”womenthattheyarealwaysinneedofadjustment—andthatthefemalebodyisanobjecttobeperfected。

JeanKilbournearguesthattheoverwhelmingpresenceofmediaimagesofpainfullythinwomenmeansthatrealwomen’sbodieshavebecomeinvisibleinthemassmedia。

Therealtragedy,Kilbourneconcludes,isthatmanywomeninternalizethesestereotypes,andjudgethemselvesbythebeautyindustry’sstandards。

Womenlearntocomparethemselvestootherwomen,andtocompetewiththemformaleattention。

Thisfocusonbeautyanddesirability“effectivelydestroysanyawarenessandactionthatmighthelptochangethatclimate。

”注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1。

Women’smagazinesarefullofarticlestourgewomento___________。

A)eatlesssweetfoodC)marryarichhusbandB)loseweightD)haveatleasttwokids2。

Thecosmeticanddietproductindustriesgainprofitsby____________。

A)exaggeratingthegoodnessabouttheirproductsB)targetingatchildrenandfemalesC)presentinganidealimagedifficulttoachieveD)distributingfreesamplesfromhometohome3。

CanadianWomen’shealthNetworkwarnsthatweightcontrolmeasuresarenowbeingtakenbygirls_____________。

A)atage5or6C)atage13or14B)atage9or10D)atage16or174。

In2003,Teenmagazinereportedthat____________percentofnormalweightgirlsbelievetheyareoverweight。

A)35to50C)50to70B)50D)905。

ResearchersfoundthatarealwomanwithBarbie-dollproportionswould_____________。

A)sufferfromheartdiseaseC)liveamorerewardinglifeB)beverypopularwithmalesD)diefrommalnutrition6。

Televisionandmoviesemphasizethatawoman’sworthcanbejudgedby_____________。

A)thecosmeticssheusesC)thethinnessofherbodyB)thejewelryshewearsD)thewealthofherhusband7。

Spainhasrecentlyundergoneaprojectto_____________。

A)includefull-sizedwomeninitsfashionmagazinesB)standardizeclothingsizesC)banultra-thinmodelsfromtherunwayD)promoteweightlossamongmen8。

Inmainstreamwomen’smagazinesfrom1999to2004,______________wereoverrepresented。

9。

JeanKilbourneconcludesthatmanywomenjudgethemselvesby_______________________。

10。

Thefocuson___________________________destroysanyawarenessandactionthatmighthelptochangethetrend?

SectionADirections:Inthissection,youwillhear8shortconversationsand2longconversations。

Attheendofeachconversation,oneormorequestionswillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaid。

Boththeconversationandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce。

Aftereachquestiontherewillbeapause。

Duringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswer。

ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecentre。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

11。

A)Shehasreadthebookanddoesn’tneeditanymore。

B)Shewillnotlendherbooktotheman。

C)Themancanuseherbookwheneverhelikes。

D)Themancanborrowthebookataconvenienttime。

12。

A)Shewantstofindaroommatewithsimilarinterests。

B)Shechangesroommatesoften。

C)ShedoesnotknowJulieverywell。

D)ShedidnotreallyenjoylivingwithJulie13。

A)Themanisgladtolendthewomanmoneytobuyacomputer。

B)Thewomanshouldwaitawhilebeforebuyingacomputer。

C)Thewomanshouldfindabetterwaytoinvesthersavings。

D)Thewomanshouldbuyacomputer。

14。

A)Hepreferstoliveoffcampus。

B)Thereareadvantagesanddisadvantagestolivingoffcampus。

C)Livingspaceinthedormistoocrowded。

D)Therearealimitednumberofapartmentsavailableoffcampus。

15。

A)Hehastopickuphisbrotherattheairport。

B)Hedoesn’thaveanydefiniteplansfortheweekend。

C)Heusuallyworksonweekendswithhisbrother。

D)Hisbrotherisstillflyingontheplane。

16。

A)Heisnotupsetthattheyatelunch。

B)Hedidnotknowwhattimehewassupposedtoarrive。

C)Heexpectedthetraffictobebad。

D)Hewillbehappytosharetheirdessert。

17。

A)Askfordirections。

B)Tryadifferentroutetothebeach。

C)Gobackforthemap。

D)Postponetheirtripuntillater。

18。

A)Thecostumesweren’tasgoodasthescenery。

B)Thescenerycouldhavebeenmorerealistic。

C)Shewishesshehadnotseentheplay。

D)Shedidn’tenjoythestudents’performance。

Questions19to21arebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard。

19。

A)Theirplansforthenextsemester。

B)Whythewomancan’tgototheconcert。

C)Theirfavoriteband。

D)Apsychologyclass。

20。

A)Workatthebookstore。

C)Coverafriend’sshift。

B)Gotothemovies。

D)Gotoaconcert。

21。

A)Thewomanneverworksonweekends。

B)Themanandwomantakethesamecourses。

C)Mattwouldliketogototheconcerttoo。

D)Thenewpsychologybookmightsellout。

Questions22to25arebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard。

22。

A)playbasketballwithfriendsfromwork。

B)tryoutforthecompanybaseballteamC)getinshapeandcompeteinacyclingraceD)enjoyaTVgamewhilehavingsnacks23。

A)Herhusband’sspendingtoomuchtimeawayfromhome。

B)Herhusband’spassionforsports。

C)Herhusband’shealthcondition。

D)Herhusband’sdiethabits。

24。

A)Heshouldseeadoctor。

B)Heshouldstartwithalightworkout。

C)Heshouldabandontheidea。

D)Heshouldlosesomeweight。

25。

A)Hehasbeenanactivebasketballplayerthroughouttheyears。

B)Hehasbeenexercisingunderafitnessinstructor’sguidance。

C)Hehasafairlyhealthfuldiethabit。

D)Hehasalovingandcaringwife。

2009年12月英语四级全国统一模拟冲刺试卷SectionBDirections:Inthissection,youwillhear3shortpassages。

Attheendofeachpassage,youwillhearsomequestions。

Boththepassageandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce。

Afteryouhearaquestion,youmustchoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)。

ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecenter。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

PassageOneQuestions26to28arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard。

26。

A)Illegalhuntingofelephantswasprohibited。

B)Thenumberofelephantsfellby700,000。

C)ManyAfricanfarmersorfactoryworkershuntedelephants。

D)Over100countriessoldjewelrymadefromthetusksofelephants。

27。

A)Itcostsmoney。

B)Elephantsneedland。

C)Farmersmustbehired。

D)Farmers’cropsmustbecompensatedforifdestroyed。

28。

A)Tostabilizetheelephantpopulation。

B)Toprotecttheenvironment。

C)Torelievetheburdenonthelocalpeople。

D)Toimprovetheinternationalagreement。

PassageTwoQuestions29to31arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard。

29。

A)ImportantKeystoRecyclingB)TheImportanceofTechnologyforRecyclingC)GuidelinesforPaperRecyclingD)RaisingthePublicEnvironmentalAwareness30。

A)Thepublicwouldtrytogaininformationforrecyclingbyvariousmeans。

B)Thepublicwouldloseinterestinrecyclinggradually。

C)Thepublicwouldnotbeaffectedbythelackofasystem。

D)Thepublicwouldteachandlearnfromeachotheraboutrecycling。

31。

A)Tosetupsitesforcollectingrecycledmaterials。

B)Toteachthepublichowtoseparatevariouskindsofrecycledmaterials。

C)Tomakepoliciesfavorableforupgradingequipmentforrecycling。

D)Toincreasethedemandforrecycledmaterials。

PassageThreeQuestions32to35arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard。

32。

A)Reviewingbookreports。

C)Selectinginformationsources。

B)Readingmagazinearticles。

D)Writingresearchpapers。

33。

A)Stealingotherpeople’sideas。

C)Givingcredittotheoriginalauthor。

B)Turningintheassignmentlate。

D)Gatheringirrelevantinformation。

34。

A)Inexperiencedstudents。

C)Someteachers。

B)Peopledoingresearch。

D)Magazinepublishers。

35。

A)Indirectquotations。

C)Inshorthand。

B)Inshortphrases。

D)Inthestudent’sownwords。

SectionCDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearapassagethreetimes。

Whenthepassageisreadforthefirsttime,youshouldlistencarefullyforitsgeneralidea。

Whenthepassageisreadforthesecondtime,youarerequiredtofillintheblanksnumberedfrom36to43withtheexactwordsyouhavejustheard。

Forblanksnumberedfrom44to46youarerequiredtofillinthemissinginformation。

Fortheseblanks,youcaneitherusetheexactwordsyouhavejustheardorwritedownthemainpointsinyourownwords。

Finally,whenthepassageisreadforthethirdtime,youshouldcheckwhatyouhavewritten。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

JobseekersinBritainsayemployersarepayinglessattentionto(36)__________degreesandcertificates。

Theyaremakingtheirown(37)___________examstotestability。

Theyareconcernedaboutdecreasing(38)_____________ofjobseekers,becausemanyuniversitygraduateswithgooddegreeshaveshownaterribleinabilitytospell,andworkoutsimple(39)__________。

ThechairmanoftheStandingConferenceofEmployersofGraduates,toldour(40)_____________:“Wedon’tlookatthepiecesofpaper(41)__________intous,butwelookatthepeoplewithrealabilities。

”Asenior(42)____________withtheBankofEnglandsaidthatmanycompaniesweremakingtheirown(43)____________testssotheycouldbesurethatcandidatesweretherightpeopleforthejob。

IntheCivilService,(44)____________________。

Forgedcertificates,printedinGermany,havebeendiscoveredrecently。

(45)__________________________。

Makingfakedegreeshasalsobecomeahighlyprofitablebusiness。

(46)__________________。

Someso-called“universities”and“colleges”areevensellingtheseattractivediplomas。

PartIVReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(25minutes)SectionADirections:Inthissection,thereisapassagewithtenblanks。

Youarerequiredtoselectonewordforeachblankfromalistofchoicesgiveninawordbankfollowingthepas-sage。

Readthepassagethroughcarefullybeforemakingyourchoices。

Eachchoiceinthebankisidentifiedbyaletter。

PleasemarkthecorrespondingletterforeachitemonAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecentre。

Youmaynotuseanyofthewordsinthebankmorethanonce。

Questions47to56arebasedonthefollowingpassage。

Theeconomiccostsofnoiseareseveral。

Airportsarecurrentlyoperatingatlessthan47becauseofnoiseregulationswhichrestricttheirhoursofoperation。

Forinstance,atWashington’sNationalAirportnojettrafficisallowedfrom11pmto7am。

Otherairportsrestricttheuseofcertainrunway。

Oneestimateisthatnoise48reducepossibleairportuseby20percent。

The49cargotradeisespeciallyaffectedbynightrestrictions。

Inthecaseofairports,jetenginesmaybe50toreducetheirnoiselevel,orinsulationfromairtrafficnoisemaybeprovidedbythepurchaseoflandaroundairportsortheinsulationofbuildings。

Oneestimateisthat$5。

7billionwouldberequiredto51allexistingjetengineswithnoisecontroldevices。

However,52thecurrentstateoftheart,eventakingthisstepwillnotreducenoiselevelsatallpointsto53values。

Somecombinationofmethodsisprobablynecessary。

Ifallaircraftweremadequieterbyexistingmethods,therewouldbeanumberofeconomicbenefits。

Anincreaseinairportcapacitywould54。

Propertyvaluesnearairportsmightrise。

Transportationcoststoandfromairportscouldbereducedsincetheairportsnowcouldbelocatedclosertopopulationcenter。

Muchresearchstillneedstobedoneontheeconomic55ofnoisereductionandnoiseeffects。

Althoughsomeoftheeffectsofnosepollutionareknown,moremustbediscoveredaboutitseffectsonhealth,productivity,propertyvaluesandthequalityoflife。

56,thecostofnoisepollutioncontroltotheeconomyasawholeneedstobeinvestigated。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A)identificationB)equipC)profitableD)capacityE)pollutionF)restrictionsG)transformedH)significantI)furthermoreJ)acceptableK)modifiedL)accordinglyM)consideringN)occurO)aspectsSectionBDirections:Thereare2passagesinthissection。

Eachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatements。

ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)。

YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecenter。

PassageOneQuestions57to61arebasedonthefollowingpassage。

Mostpeoplecanrememberaphonenumberforuptothirtyseconds。

Whenthisshortamountoftimeelapses,however,thenumbersareerasedfromthememory。

Howdidtheinformationgetthereinthefirstplace?

Informationthatmakesitswaytotheshorttermmemory(STM)doessoviathesensorystoragearea。

ThebrainhasafilterwhichonlyallowsstimulithatisofimmediateinteresttopassontotheSTM,alsoknownastheworkingmemory。

Thereismuchdebateaboutthecapacityanddurationoftheshorttermmemory。

ThemostacceptedtheorycomesfromGeorgeA。

Miller,acognitivepsychologistwhosuggestedthathumanscanrememberapproximatelysevenchunksofinformation。

Achunkisdefinedasameaningfulunitofinformation,suchasawordornameratherthanjustaletterornumber。

Moderntheoristssuggestthatonecanincreasethecapacityoftheshorttermmemorybychunking,orclassifyingsimilarinformationtogether。

Byorganizinginformation,onecanoptimizetheSTM,andimprovethechancesofamemorybeingpassedontolongtermstorage。

Whenmakingaconsciousefforttomemorizesomething,suchasinformationforanexam,manypeopleengagein“roterehearsal”。

Byrepeatingsomethingoverandoveragain,weareabletokeepamemoryalive。

Unfortunately,thistypeofmemorymaintenanceonlysucceedsiftherearenointerruptions。

Assoonasapersonstopsrehearsingtheinformation,ithasthetendencytodisappear。

Whenapenandpaperarenothandy,youmightattempttorememberaphonenumberbyrepeatingitaloud。

Ifthedoorbellringsorthedogbarkstocomeinbeforeyougettheopportunitytomakeyourphonecall,youwillforgetthenumberinstantly。

Therefore,roterehearsalisnotanefficientwaytopassinformationfromtheshorttermtolongtermmemory。

Abetterwayistopractice“elaboraterehearsal”。

Thisinvolvesassigningsemanticmeaningtoapieceofinformationsothatitcanbefiledalongwithotherpre-existinglongtermmemories。

Encodinginformationsemanticallyalsomakesitmoreretrievable。

Retrievinginformationcanbedonebyrecognitionorrecall。

Humanscanrecallmemoriesthatarestoredinthelongtermmemoryandusedoften。

However,ifamemoryseemstobeforgotten,itmayeventuallyberetrievedbyprompting。

Themorecuesapersonisgiven(suchaspictures),themorelikelyamemorycanberetrieved。

Thisiswhymultiplechoicetestsareoftenusedforsubjectsthatrequirealotofmemorization。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

57。

Accordingtothepassage,howdomemoriesgettransferredtotheSTM?

A)Theyrevertfromthelongtermmemory。

B)Theyarefilteredfromthesensorystoragearea。

C)Theygetchunkedwhentheyenterthebrain。

D)Theyenterviathenervoussystem。

58。

Howdotheoristsbelieveapersoncanremembermoreinformationinashorttime?

A)Byorganizingit。

B)Byrepeatingit。

C)Bygivingitaname。

D)Bywritingitdownonpaper。

59。

Whydoestheauthormentionadog’sbark?

A)Toexemplifypoormemory。

B)Toanalyzeatypeofinterruption。

C)Tocomparehumanmemorywithdogs’memory。

D)Toillustratethelackofefficiencyofroterehearsal。

60。

Whichofthefollowingistrueaboutretrievinginformation?

A)Elaboraterehearsalcontributestoinformationretrieval。

B)Themostefficientwayofretrievinginformationistoassignsemanticmeaningtotheinformation。

C)It’simpossibletoretrieveforgotteninformationwithoutpictureprompts。

D)Encodinginformationismoreefficientthanchunkingit。

61。

Whichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassage?

A)One’smemorycapacitycanbeenhancedbyroterehearsal。

B)Puttinginformationtowritingissuggestedtoimprovememory。

C)Providingsufficientpromptshelpsinformationretrieval。

D)Multiplechoiceexamsarethemostdifficult。

PassageTwoQuestions62to66arebasedonthefollowingpassage。

Before,wheneverwehadwealth,westarteddiscussingpoverty。

Whynotnow?

Whyisthecurrentpoliticsofwealthandpovertyseeminglyaboutwealthalone?

Eightyearsago,whenBillClintonfirstranforpresident,theDowJonesaveragewasunder3,500,yearlyfederalbudgetdeficitswereprojectedathundredsofbillionsofdollarsforeverandbeyond,andnoonetalkedaboutthe“permanentboom”orthe“neweconomy。

”Yetinthatmorestraitenedtime,Clintonmademuchoftheimportanceof“notleavingasinglepersonbehind。

”Itispossiblethatsimilar“compassionate”rhetoricmightyetplayaroleinthegeneralelection。

Butitisstrikinghowmuchlesstalkthereisaboutthepoorthantherewaseightyearsago,whenthecountrywaseconomicallyuncertain,orinpreviouseras,whenthecountryfeltflush。

Evenlastsummer,whenClintonspentseveraldaysonaremarkabletourthroughimpoverishedareasfromIndianreservationsinSouthDakotatoghettoneighborhoodsinEastSt。

Louis,theadministrationdecidedtorefertotheeffortnotasapovertytourbutasa“newmarketsinitiative。

”Whatishappeningispartlyalogical,policy-drivenreaction。

Povertyreallyislowerthanithasbeenindecades,especiallyforminoritygroups。

Themostattractivesolutiontoit—agrowingeconomy—isbeingapplied。

Thepeoplewhohavebeentotallyleftoutofthisboomoftenhavemedical,mentalorotherproblemsforwhichnoonehasanimmediatesolution。

“Theeconomyhassuckedinanyonewhohasanypreparation,anyabilitytocopewithmodernlife,”saysFranklinD。

Raines,theformerdirectoroftheOfficeofManagementandBudgetwhoisnowheadofFannieMae。

Whenheandotherpeoplewhospecializeintheissuetalkaboutsolutions,theytalkanalyticallyandlongterm:education,developmentofworkskills,shiftsinthelabormarket,adjustmentsinwelfarereform。

ButIthinkthereisanotherforcethathasmadethisaricherawithbarelyvisiblepoorpeople。

ItistheunusualsocialandimaginativeseparationbetweenprosperousAmericaandthosestillleftout。

It’ssimpleinvisibility,becauseofincreasinggeographic,occupational,andsocialbarriersthatblockonegroupfromtheother’sview。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

62。

Inthe1stparagraph,theword“straitened”means_____________。

A)difficultB)wealthyC)distantD)straightforward63。

Theauthorstatesthatoneimportantreasonthatwedonottalkmuchaboutpovertyisthat______________。

A)nooneknowswhattodoaboutitB)povertyreallyislowerthaninthepastC)noonehasbeenleftoutofthecurrentboomD)thepresidentisnotconcernedaboutthepoor64。

Afterreadingthispassage,wecanconcludethat____________。

A)therelationshipbetweentherichandthepoorhaschangedB)thegoodeconomywillsoonendC)povertywillbeobliteratedasaresultofincreasedwealthD)allpeoplebenefitfromgoodeconomicconditions65。

Whatistheauthor’spurposeinwritingthispassage?

A)Toentertain。

B)Totellastory。

C)Todescribe。

D)Topersuade。

66。

Themainideaofthepassageisthat______________。

A)ThecountryisenjoyingeconomicgrowthB)Thepoorarebenefitingfromtoday’sgoodeconomyC)InthepastweweremoreawareofthepoorthanwearetodayD)InthepastthereweremanymorepoorpeoplethantherearetodayPartVCloze(15minutes)Directions:Thereare20blanksinthefollowingpassage。

ForeachblanktherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)ontherightsideofthepaper。

YoushouldchoosetheONEthatbestfitsintothepassage。

ThenmarkthecorrespondingletteronAnswerSheet2withasinglelinethroughthecenter。

ThehumanraceisusinguptheEarth’sresourcesfasterthaneverbefore,accordingtoanewreportbytheUnitedNationsPopulationFund(UNFPA)。

“Environmentaldevastationisnotsimplyawasteof67,itisathreattothecomplexstructuresthat68humandevelopment,”saysthereport。

69attentionmustbepaidtofinda(n)70betweenhumanandenvironmentalneeds,itsays。

Thereport,StateoftheWorldPopulation2001,saysthatwatersuppliesandagriculturallandsarecoming71suchincreasingpressurethat,ifleft72,ourplanetwillnotbeabletosupportusinfutureyears。

Overthepast70years,theworld’spopulationhastripledto6。

1billionpeople,73water-useincreasingsixfold,saysthereport。

Already508millionpeoplelivein31countriesthatlackwater。

Andtheproblemislikelyto74astheglobalpopulationis75torisetoeightbillionby2025。

By2050,predictsthereport,4。

2billionpeoplewillbelivingincountriesthatcannotmeetpeople’sdaily76needs。

Uncleanwaterandpoorsanitationalreadykillsover12millionpeopleeveryyear。

Foodproductionisalso77byenvironmentalproblems,saysthereport。

“To78thefuturepopulationandimprovetheirdiets,theworldwillhavetodoublefoodproduction,”itsays。

“Butsinceavailablecroplandis79,mostproductionwillhavetocomefromhigher80ratherthannew81。

”Accordingtothereport,globalpovertycannotbe82without83theenvironmentaldamagecausedbytheseincreasesinconsumptionandpopulation84。

Toreducetheburdenontheplanet,thereportsuggests,alleffortsshouldbe85toimproveeducationandhealthcare,asthiswould86reducepopulationgrowth。

67。

A)facilitiesC)reservesB)resourcesD)sources68。

A)supportC)retainB)foundD)advocate69。

A)IntensiveC)EmergentB)IntenseDUrgent。

70。

A)equationC)balanceB)tradeoffD)core71。

A)underC)belowB)intoD)beyond72。

A)unnoticedC)aloneB)behindD)unchecked73。

A)inC)byB)withD)above74。

A)enhanceC)declineB)heightenD)worsen75。

A)projectedC)intendedB)speculatedD)assessed76。

A)luxuriousC)intrinsicB)utmostD)basic77。

A)affectedC)reflectedB)effectedD)generated78。

A)containC)furnishB)lodgeD)accommodate79。

A)shrinkingC)contractingB)diminishingD)waning80。

A)outputsC)yieldsB)turnoversD)harvests81。

A)cultivationC)farmingB)productionD)plowing82。

A)lightenedC)elevatedB)releasedD)eased83。

A)reversingC)upsettingB)invertingD)disregarding84。

A)standardsC)normsB)indexesD)levels85。

A)triedC)doneB)takenD)made86。

A)ineffectC)inpartB)inturnD)byturnsPartVITranslation(5minutes)Directions:CompletethesentencesbytranslatingintoEnglishtheChinesegiveninthebrackets。

PleasewriteyourtranslationonAnswerSheet2。

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。

87。

Whenaskedaboutthekeytohersuccess,Rowlingtoldthejournalistthatherparentshadplayedanimportantroleby_________________________(使她在很小的年纪就接触文学)。

88。

Whilemanypeopleknowthatmoneyisnottheimportantthingintheworld,Isuspect_________________(并不是每个人都能抵制住追求金钱的诱惑)。

89。

_________________________________________(只是最近我才意识到)thatlanguageiscloselyrelatedtoculture。

89。

It’stimethat_________(对市中心的交通问题采取措施)。

91。